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Monday, April 08, 2013

A Look Inside North Korea & The Photo's The Government There Did Not Want You To See


A small steering clicks determines whether North Korea will 

make good his threat and launch nuclear war.

The masses have nothing to say in the world's harshest 

dictatorship.

According to the unanimous testimony of North Koreans live 

in fear of the regime - and for their neighbors.

- All control you, neighbors, 
colleagues. The whole 
country is 

one big prison, said Park, 41, 
who fled from North Korea to 

Sweden.

Expressen can now publish pictures from North Korea as a 

Swedish tourist smuggled out despite the regime's attempts to 

stop him.

The 25 million people in North Korea are living in an impoverished country that rattle their nuclear weapons and also investing huge resources to conventional rehabilitation. They live in a communist dictatorship that ruled over three generations of the same family, and year after year, is firmly in the ground at all international lists of prosperity, democracy and freedom.

North Korea is the world'smost closed country. The regime spends considerable effort to prevent the information from coming in to their own citizens and trying to stop the information from getting out, even if it gets harder every year.

There are cracks in the wall.Refugee power increases, more and more North Koreans have authorization to work in neighboring China, mobile phones connected to the Chinese network is used in the border region and tourists smuggle out images.Expressen can now view images as a Swedish tourist taken surreptitiously, despite all the checks and all censorship.

All this means that a lot of knowledge now seeping out about what is happening in the country.There are reports of large secret detention, on slave labor. But the regime is as effective as in the past when it comes to stopping the incoming information, experts say.

A North Korean refugee family living in a small village in SmÃ¥land. Park, 41, and his wife, Kim, 38, escaped from North Korea for more than four years ago. Now they live near Kalmar with daughter Lois, 3, and son Simon, 1, both born in Sweden. One daughter remained in North Korea for escape. She is now nine years old, but the family has no contact with her and do not even know if she's alive.

They do not want to reveal his full name or exactly where they are - for fear of the North Korean regime. The father tells about their hard life in their home country.
- I drove truck for 13 years. My wife worked in a steel mill. But the salary was not enough food, we were hungry all the time. We had barely afford a meal a day, says Park to Expressen.
- It is very difficult to live in North Korea. We have no freedom. 
The police will check you all the time, you have to have permission for every little trip.
- Humans control other. Neighbors and colleagues are required to report everything about each other. Otherwise, they get severely punished, he said.

The family lived in Chongjin, the third largest city in the country. First time fled Park alone. He swam across
the river border into China, where he has a cousin.However, the Chinese police took him in the street, he had no passport and had entered China illegally.
- I had bad luck. They sent me back to North Korea. I ended up at the North Korean special police, says Park.
- I was imprisoned for three months. They beat and tortured me for hours every day. They broke my nose, knocked out teeth and injured my head, 'he says.

Eventually ended up at Park Hospital and then managed to flee to China again.He worked for three years and saved money so that he could get his wife with the help of smugglers. But when their four year old daughter was left. Mom Kim did not realize that she would be over the limit, so she asked her parents to take care of her daughter a few days.
- I think of her every day. I can not sleep. I only think about her all the time, says mother of P4 Kalmar.
The North Korean pair ended up in Sweden because they were advised by a Christian congregation to move to northern Europe. But the future of the family in Sweden is highly uncertain. Last month they had definitely refused a residence permit, a decision can not be appealed. Authorities to deny them to South Korea.
- We are the North Koreans, we have nothing to do with Korea. It feels unsettled, the police can come at any time, says Park.

According to sources familiar with the case, it may delay deportation, at least until the current political crisis on the Korean peninsula is in progress.
- The South Korean Constitution says that in principle all North Koreans are entitled to citizenship in South Korea after notification. And if you have the right to citizenship, so it has also fully protected, says Fredrik Beijer, Acting Director of Legal Affairs at Immigration Office, told the newspaper the day.

While the overwhelming majority of North Korea's population live in very difficult conditions starting capital Pyongyang to show some signs of prosperity. There lives the well-paid elite of the ruling Communist Party, military leaders and businessmen who have become rich on the growing trade with China. There are newly built apartment
blocks, Mercedes cars on the streets and elegantly dressed people talking on cell phone. It amuses himself societal peaks children in the amusement park that dictator Kim Jong-Un opened last summer.
- People were hoping that Kim Jong Un would make our lives better. But so far they have been disappointed, says a 50-year-old woman who just
want to state the name Park, one of the most common Korean names, the New York Times.

She sells corn cakes in a stall in the market, but told the newspaper that business is bad. She talks about starving children trying to steal her cakes - and she has several times gone past the dead bodies of those who were too weak to steal.
- I would have given them food if I had any, she says.

Food prices have skyrocketed because of the drought and because of that the DPRK missed out on food aid from the United States since the country started to blow up nuclear devices and launching rockets last year, reports the New York Times.Price of rice doubled last year and the chronic shortage of fuel, power and raw materials has forced many factories to close and led to mass unemployment.

In the countryside, desperate people stealing corn, potatoes and other crops.The peasants toil to fill the delivery quotas State has determined, but at the same time, they must ensure that their own families have food for the day, reports the Daily NK, a news site based in the South Korean capital Seoul, reporting from North Korea in order to promote democracy and human rights which . People stealing despite increased security services and despite the risk to end up in prison for otherwise they will starve, writes the site.
- Guards sent out to stop the thefts ask the thieves to put away a little for themselves in exchange for patronage. They say that even they have sufficient rations anymore. People get the guards on his side at much less risk of being caught, says the North Korean defector He Yong Kwon to the Daily NK.
- The authorities provide annual public orders to deliver the


harvest without losing even a single grain. But since no one has anything to eat they do not care about such instructions, he says.

Christopher Green is director of the Daily NK's English version - the site also reports in Korean, Chinese and Japanese - and tells how to collect information from North Korea.
- We have a large network of people who live and work in North Korea. We get information through cell phones, text messages, letters. Most arrive via Chinese mobile phones, said Christopher Green to Expressen.
- North Korea's mobile and social media is tightly supervised. But Chinese people have cell phones even though it is illegal. Within 7-8 miles from the Chinese border, there is coverage, our officers travel to these areas to report.
- More and more people also travel across the border to China. Businessmen and workers with permits, smugglers and defectors. Our employees meet them in China, he says.

Robert Boynton teaches journalism at New York University and staff in leading U.S. newspapers. He has studied the flow of information to and from North Korea - and finds that the world is, after all, knows a lot more about the closed country today than in the past. A series of web pages that the Daily NK and the North Korean news behind the boom, he explains.
"Until recently, experts could say more or less whatever they wanted about North Korea, because no one could prove that they were wrong ... We've seen how serious the consequences of this uninformed expertise can be. DPRK experts assured in 2002 that the government was' on the verge of collapse "and President George W. Bush saw no reason to negotiate with Kim Jong Il ... Not only that the regime does not collapse, it detonated its first nuclear device also in October 2006," he writes in the journal Atlantic.
- The regime has deliberately eased restrictions on outgoing information recently.They want to give the impression that they modernize and liberalize. But the real reason is that they can no longer control what comes out, says Robert Boynton to Expressen.

In the case of incoming information, they have not yielded the least. Censorship and repression are as tough as ever. To verify the information to their own citizens has always been important to the regime, he said.
Swedish tourists and other visitors testify how difficult - if not impossible - it is to connect with people in North Korea, apart from the official guides which acts as guardian. It is only allowed to photograph at designated points and you can not shoot people. But a tourist managed to photograph the daily life and smuggle out their photos, which now publishes Expressen.
- The guides checked my pictures every day on the bus and then there was an additional check upon departure. They surprised me that they wanted to erase completely normal images. I photographed nothing I thought was sensitive or controversial, says the photographer who does not want to appear with the name.
- I got plenty of bass up because I photographed workers at a building site, people sitting by the road, workers in a field. Photographing an oxcart was also prohibited.The guides shouted: Delete! Remove!
- They missed that I had a camera with two memory cards. They checked the only one. This way I got out my pictures, he says.

Lovisa Lamb Nordenskiöld, author of "The embassy in paradise" on Sweden's relations with North Korea, North Koreans remember 'fear to meet foreigners.
- People were afraid, they did not want contact. They looked past me like I was air. I would have put people in huge danger if I had tried to make contact, she says.

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